The southern and eastern portions of Tagaytay City are covered by
hills and mountains which is generally forests and open grasslands.
The city lies along Tagaytay Ridge, a ridge stretching about 32
kilometres (20 mi) from Mount Batulao in the west to Mount
Sungay (now People's Park in the Sky) in the east with elevations
averaging about 610 metres (2,000 ft) above sea level. Mount
Sungay, in Tagaytay, is the highest point of the province of Cavite
at 709 metres (2,326 ft).
The ridge, which overlooks Taal Lake in Batangas province, is
actually the edge of Taal Caldera. The 25-by-30-kilometre (16 mi ×
19 mi) wide cavity is partially filled by Taal Lake. Tagaytay's
built-up areas including the urban center is situated in the relatively
level top of the caldera rim but beyond the edge are deep ravines that
drop straight down to Taal Lake. The portions adjoining the
municipalities of Mendez, Indang, Amadeo and Silang are level to
nearly level areas interspersed with very gently sloping surface.
Across the southern edge of the lake on the opposite side of the city
is Mount Macolod, the highest point of the Taal Caldera rim.
Temperature and precipitation
Tagaytay City has a more moderate version of a tropical monsoon
climate (Köppen climate classification: Am) characterized by
relatively milder temperatures compared to Manila, lower humidity
and abundant rainfall. The City has an average temperature of 24 °C
(75 °F). With its high elevation, the city could be misty at times and
is relatively cooler during the months of December, January and
February. Like most areas in the province of Cavite, the city has two
pronounced seasons: dry from November to April and wet during
the rest of the year. The climate has made the city ideal for sports,
picnics, conferences, honeymoons, country homes, and spiritual
Legend has it that the word Tagaytay came from "taga" meaning to
cut and "itay" which means father. A father and son were said to be
on a wild boar hunt when the animal they were chasing turned and
attacked them. As the boar charged towards the old man, the son
cried "taga itay!". The boy's repeated shout reverberated in the
alleys of the ridge. Heard by the residents, hunters and wood
gatherers, the cries became subject of conversation for several days
in the countryside. In time, the place where the shouts came from
became known as Tagaytay.
"Tagaytay", however, is Tagalog for "ridge".