Korea (/kəˈriːə/ kə-ree-ə; Korean: 한국 Hanguk [hanɡuːk] or 조선 Joseon [tɕosʌn] – (see
etymology)
) is an East Asian country that is currently divided into two separate states — North
Korea and South Korea. Located on the Korean Peninsula, Korea is bordered by the People's
Republic of China to the northwest, Russia to the northeast, and is separated from Japan to the
east by the Korea Strait and the Sea of Japan (East Sea), and separated from the Republic of China
(Taiwan) to the south by the East China Sea.

Archaeological and linguistic evidence suggest the origins of the Korean people were Altaic
language-speaking people from south-central Siberia,[4] who populated ancient Korea in
successive waves from the Neolithic age to the Bronze Age.[5] The adoption of the Chinese
writing system ("Hanja" in Korean) in the 2nd century BC, and Buddhism in the 4th century AD,
had profound effects on the Three Kingdoms of Korea.
International and Domestic Tourism

The majority of the South Korean tourist industry is supported by domestic tourism. Thanks to the
country's extensive Korea has an airport and some cities, such as Seoul, Incheon, Busan, Daegu,
Gwangju, and Jeju, have airports serving international routes.

International tourists come primarily from nearby countries in Asia. Japan, China, Hong Kong,
and Taiwan together account for roughly 75% of the total number of international tourists. In
addition, the Korean wave has brought increasing numbers of tourists from Southeast Asia.

International tourists typically enter the country through Incheon International Airport, near
Seoul, which in 2006 was found to be the world's best airport. Some others enter through the
country's other international ports and airports, particularly Busan.
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